Anafiotika in Athens – An island village under the Acropolis

Anafiotika is a tiny neighbourhood in the Greek capital, often described as “a Greek island in the heart of Athens”. Surely it can’t be true? Here’s a little information about one of the most picturesque areas in Athens.

Anafiotika – A Greek island in Athens

People who visit Athens for a day or two rarely discover the pocket-sized neighbourhood of Anafiotika. Squeezed between two of Athens’ most famous landmarks, Plaka and the Acropolis, this tiny quarter is pretty unique.

Visit Anafiotika in Athens

People who have visited any of the Cyclades islands will immediately notice the striking similarity. The houses are perched up on the slope, among tiny churches, bougainvillea trees and a fair amount of street art.

The small settlement consists of 45 houses, most of which are under 40 sq. metres.

Street art in Anafiotika Athens

So why do the Anafiotika houses look like the blue and white Cycladic houses? Read on to find out!

History of Anafiotika Athens

The history of Anafiotika is as old as the history of Athens itself. In ancient times, the Delphi Oracle had prohibited people from building houses in the area under the Acropolis.

However, evidence suggests that houses existed since the 5th century BC. They were occupied by refugees, who resettled here after the Peloponnesian War.

In 1821, after the Independence War against the Ottoman Empire, Greece was liberated. Athens became the capital of the newly founded country in 1834.

Anafiotika in Athens are just underneath the Acropolis

Hans Christian Andersen, the famous Danish author, paints a picture of Athens in the early 1840s.  He mentions a handful of slaves from Africa, who lived in small clay houses in the area. You can find out more in his book “A poet’s bazaar”.

Building Anafiotika

Around that time, King Otto invited workers from the Cyclades islands to come and live in Athens. The Cyclades are one of the many island groups in Greece. Some of the best known Cyclades are Santorini, Mykonos, Paros, Naxos, Milos and Tinos. 

These people were well known for their construction skills, and they could help rebuild the new capital of Greece. Many of them came from a small, rocky island called Anafi, and were called “Anafiotes”.

The newcomers built their own homes at the foot of the Acropolis, which looked similar to their homeland. They worked on their new homes during the night and built the neoclassical houses during the day.

Looking up from Anafiotika Athens

Allegedly, King Otto had given the workers building permission, though no written documents exist.

In any case, it appears that the authorities did not interfere with the construction of the Anafiotika houses. Skilled workers were necessary for Athens, even if that meant that they would live in illegally constructed houses.

Moreover, an old Ottoman law was still in place at the time. According to this law, any construction built from sunset to sunrise would belong to the person who built it. No comment here!

The new settlement was built around two small 17th century churches, Agios Georgios tou Vrachou (St George of the Rock) and Agios Symeon. These were restored at the time, and you can still see them today.

Living in Anafiotika Athens

As all these people belonged to the same class, there was professional and social cohesion in the small settlement. It appears that the residents spent most of their time on their porches and yards, rather than in their homes.

Anafiotika Athens - Street art

Women spent time together, looking after the children and doing household chores. Men went home from work in the evenings and discussed politics while smoking their cigarettes.

Everyone living in Anafiotika knew exactly what was happening in this compact neighbourhood. This is something you can still see in Greece today, especially if you visit some of the quieter Greek islands.

Status of the Anafiotika houses

As you will have gathered, it appears that no written planning permission ever existed for the Anafiotika houses. Those small houses never officially belonged to anyone and were never exactly legal.

In fact, even today, there is very little paperwork associated with the Anafiotika houses.

Strolling around Anafiotika in Athens

In the decades that followed, residents faced the reactions of a large group of scholars and academics.

As Ancient Greek ruins were slowly being discovered, archaeologists were re-evaluating contemporary buildings. As a result, the construction of the Anafiotika settlement was considered desecration of the sacred archaeological site.

In 1872 a decree was issued, describing Anafiotika as an illegal settlement, and its inhabitants as trespassers. However, given the social and financial difficulties of the times, no measures were taken, and the neighbourhood lived on.

Not much changed in the next decades. In 1922, after the population exchange, many refugees came to Athens from Asia Minor. Some of them settled next to the Anafiotika area.

Demolition of the Anafiotika houses

A decade later, in the 1930s, the American School of Classical Studies bought some of the Anafiotika houses. In an attempt to unearth ancient ruins, they demolished a few of them, as had happened in the Ancient Agora.

At the time, some of the houses were used as temporary homes for the archaeologists who were working in excavations. Must have been a unique place to stay!

Anafiotika in Athens

A few more of the houses were demolished in the 1950s. In the 1960s and 70s, the Ephorate of the Acropolis brought up the Anafiotika houses ownership issue.

It was then decided to expropriate an area of ​​around 2,500 sq. meters, in order to restore the ancient promenade and the space around the Acropolis.

As you can imagine, there was a lot of reaction. Several groups of people, including architects, civil engineers and the residents, were against the decision.

One of the arguments was that the Anafiotika settlement was already over 100 years old, so it had historical value itself. Additionally, people lived in the houses, and an expropriation would mean that they would be made homeless.

Eventually, the parties involved reached a compromise, and only 7 houses that were located very close to the Acropolis were demolished in 1979. Part of the area was reconstructed, allowing the restoration of the ancient promenade around the Acropolis.

You can still see ruins of these houses if you walk on the promenade.

The Anafiotika houses today

Today, Anafiotika is the closest Athenian neighbourhood to the Acropolis. A few dozens of people still live there, taking care of their small houses. Many of them are retired, and have been living there since they were born.

Walking around Anafiotika Athens

Living conditions have improved considerably since the 1980s. Still, the only way to come here is on foot, through the tiny, steep staircases. 

The residents care a lot about their neighbourhood. You will notice that the houses are whitewashed, and there are a lot of plants everywhere. There are also many lazy Greek cats!

A Greek cat enjoying the sun in Anafiotika

It’s worth mentioning that there are no street names in Anafiotika. The houses are numbered like Anafiotika 1, Anafiotika 2 etc.

Since there are no official papers, the Anafiotika houses cannot be passed on to third parties, though it has happened a few times in the past. As a result, there are many abandoned houses in the area. It’s unclear what their future will be!

How to get to Anafiotika Plaka

My favourite route to get to Anafiotika begins from Thrasillou street. This street is close to Acropolis metro and the main entrance to the Acropolis.

Continue on to Stratonos street, until you see some steps on your left hand side, heading up. There may be a street musician sitting there, playing the bouzouki. Climb the stairs, and you will find yourself right on a Greek island!

Walk around, and take in the details and the views. Quite often, you may come across a staircase which will look like a dead end. Try it – it might lead you somewhere new!

And if you have forgotten where you are, the street art in the area will remind you that you are right in the heart of a big city.

Street art in Anafiotika, Athens

As you are exploring, please remember that people live here and respect their privacy. This is one of the most photographed neighbourhoods in Athens, and tourists walking around can be exhausting for the residents.

Once you’ve visited Anafiotika, you can wander down to busy Plaka to have a coffee or meal. Or you can head to bustling Monastiraki square, and head to one of the rooftop cafes.

Anafiotika in Athens

I hope that you’ve enjoyed reading a few things about Anafiotika in Athens! Have you been there? What did you think? Please leave a comment below!

You might also be interested in these other city guides to Athens:

Vanessa from Real Greek Experiences

Hi! My name is Vanessa, and I love helping people discover more about Greece. I was born in Athens and love my vibrant city, with all its bustling neighbourhoods. The iconic little area of Anafiotika is particularly charming. When you visit Athens, make sure you check it out!

Street art in Anafiotika neighbourhood in Athens

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