The Changing of the Guards in Athens is something you should see at least once when in Athens. Here’s all you need to know about the Athens changing of the guards.
Watching the Changing of the Guards is one of the most popular free things to do in Athens. On a daily basis, hundreds of tourists pass by Syntagma station to experience this hourly traditional ceremony.
The Changing of the Guards in Athens
Even if you have never been to Athens, chances are that you have seen a photo of the Acropolis. You may have also seen a photo or a video of the Changing of the Guards in Athens. This activity is quite popular with visitors, and there is always a crowd that comes to see the Guards.
There is something very unique about the Guards changing in Athens. For some people, it might make them think about its significance. For others, it’s just an opportunity for some quaint photos. Whatever it is to you, make sure you stop and observe it for a few minutes.
Where does the Changing of the Guards in Athens happen?
The Changing of the Guards in Athens happens right in front of the Parliament and the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier.
The impressive neoclassical building which is home to the Greek Parliament was built in the 1830s, to serve as the Palace of King Otto and Queen Amalia. The royal couple moved in the building in 1843. After King Otto’s departure several other kings and queens lived in the Palace. The Greek Parliament started operating in the Palace in 1935.
The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier was constructed in 1929-1930, in memory to all the people who lost their lives fighting for Greece.
The Guards, called Evzones in Greek, are not only guarding the Parliament, but also this special monument. The Tomb is empty – it’s called a cenotaph – and it was made according to the Ancient Greek custom.
Changing of the Guards in Athens Times
The Changing of the Guards in Athens happens every hour, on the hour. Rain, shine or snow, the Guards will be there. They march in front of the Tomb, and change shifts in couples, using intricately choreographed moves.
At 11am on Sundays, a much more impressive ceremony takes place, where a large group of Evzones gather in front of the Parliament.
The Sunday Changing of the Guards is planned to the last tiny detail, and it’s almost theatrical. If you are in Athens on a Sunday you absolutely shouldn’t miss it. Make sure you go early, as it’s really popular with visitors and locals alike.
What are the Evzones?
The Evzones are selected among Greek men who are serving in the military. In order to be selected as a Guard for the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, a soldier has to be over 1.88 m (6 ft 2 inches) tall, but under 2.05 m ( 6 ft 8 inches). Vanessa is 1.57!
In order to become an Evzonas, a solder has to go through extremely challenging training, lasting for four weeks. Not everyone trained to be an Evzonas will eventually make it.
You will notice that the Evzones have to stay motionless, almost statue-like, for a whole hour. Dealing with stillness is a very important part of their training. Other than the extreme summer hear and winter cold, some of the worst things for the Evzones are the insects, due to the proximity to the Botanical Gardens. It’s worth noting that each Evzonas normally has 4-6 hours of service per day!
It is fine to take a photo with one of the Evzones, however please be respectful and polite. We totally get that you want a photo of yourself standing right next to this handsome Greek guy, but remember that he is there for a purpose.
Besides that, if you act with disrespect, you are facing serious consequences – the least of which is to be yelled at by the accompanying soldier. We’ve seen that happen, and it was not fun at all!
Interesting detail – the military service in Greece is mandatory, and it’s not exactly a paid service, unless you consider the basic monthly salary of 8.70 euro to be paid service. This is the standard amount that the Evzones are paid per month, though it can increase if they are married, have children etc.
At the same time, being selected to be an Evzonas of the Presidential Guard is considered an utmost privilege. The Guards sometimes travel abroad, to participate in ceremonial parades all around the world.
What are these costumes the Evzones are wearing?
The costumes worn by the Evzones are based on traditional 19th century uniforms, which were used during the Greek War of Independence in 1821. They are all handmade by specialists.
What most people are impressed with are the shoes. They are called tsarouhia and they weigh 3 kilos each! When you watch the Evzones do their special march, keep that weight in mind.
There are different types of costumes, depending on the time of the year, and the ceremony that the Evzonas is summoned to attend. They are all made of several different parts. There is a green / khaki summer outfit, a blue winter outfit, and a white Sunday / ceremonial outfit, which is the most elaborate.
If you observe the Sunday ceremony, take a look at the plaited skirt, called foustanella. Each of them is made of 30 metres of fabric, and has 400 plaits, symbolizing 400 years of Ottoman occupation. Notice also the woolen sleeveless jacket, which is a traditional 1867 design.
Last but not least – no, the Evzones are not wearing tights. They are actually long socks, and are quite important in winter, though they can be a pain in summer.
If you can read Greek, or if you just want to see what these costumes look like, have a look at this excellent article, written by an x-Evzonas.
The Changing of the Guards in Athens
We hope that this article has made you appreciate the Changing of the Guards! If you have any questions about their life, the costumes or anything else about the Evzones, feel free to ask in the comments, and we’ll get back to you.